2 Macchabees 7, 9-14; Psalm 17; 2 Thessalonians 2, 16-3, 15; Luke 20, 27-38.   By +Guy Sansaricq.

 Bishop Sansaricq-03

During the month of November the Church likes to offer reflections on death and dying. Even though people have been dying since the beginning of the world large segments of modern society are still confused about the meaning, purpose and destiny of life. Great lights on the subject are provided today.

The first reading accounts events that took place in the second century before Christ when fanatic Greeks viciously persecuted God’s people. Seven brave brothers and their heroic mother chose to die a tortured death rather than betraying God’s law. Faith in the resurrection of the flesh was the rock that made their resistance unbreakable.

In the Gospel Jesus states that those who are made worthy of eternal life will rise and be like angels.

The doctrine of the Resurrection of the dead is clearly affirmed throughout the Scriptures. It is the ultimate reason of the Incarnation and of the Resurrection of Christ. “We are destined to acquire eternal life.” The earth is not our ultimate destination! Essentially, we are pilgrims journeying toward a better world. This mysterious yet exciting perspective should enlighten every decision we make now.



2 Macchabee 7, 9-14; Psaume 17; 2 Thessaloniciens 2, 16- 3, 15; Luc 20, 27-18         Par +Guy Sansaricq.

Au mois de Novembre, l’Eglise ne manque jamais d’instruire ses fidèles sur le mystère de la mort et de l’au dela. Ainsi la première lecture nous raconte l’héroique histoire des sept frères Macchabee qui préfèrent une mort horrible plutot que de désobeir à Dieu. Quelle lecon admirable ils nous donnent!

C’est leur foi inébranlable dans les promesses de la vie éternelle qui sous-tend leur invincible résistence.

Dans le texte d’Evangile proclamé aujourd’hui nous entendons Jésus déclarer qu’à la resurrection il ne sera plus question pour nous de nous marier car nous serons comme des anges. Notre destinée éternelle est clairement affirmée non seulement dans ce passage mais partout dans les Ecritures.

Cet enseignement est crucial. Trop de gens vivent comme si leur horizon etait purement terrestre. Ils pensent qu’ils ne vont nulle part un peu comme le chauffeur qui prend la route sans savoir où il va.  Nous allons quelque part. Notre véritable citoyenneté est au ciel.  Heureux ceux qui le savent et s’arrangent pour arriver à bon port!

Quelle perspective merveilleuse est ouverte à ceux qui ont la foi! Pour eux, la vie a un sens!



Pensée de la semaine: “Il vaut mieux suivre le bon chemin en boitant que le mauvais d’un pas ferme”. (Saint Augustin d’Hyppone)

Thought of the week: “It is better to follow the right path limping as bad with a firm step.” (Saint Augustine Hyppone)

Pensamiento de la semana: “Es mejor seguir el camino correcto cojeando tan malo con paso firme.” (San Agustín Hyppone)


November 2, 2013:  ICABA Honors

A night of triumph

for the AMHE (Association of Haitian Physicians Abroad), South Florida Chapter


Marlène Rigaud Apollon

On Saturday, November 2, at the invitation of Dr. Carmel Barrau, president of the AMHE, South Florida Chapter, I had the privilege of attending  ICABA’s first gala celebration of “South Florida’s Most Accomplished Professionals and Entrepreneurs” with my husband, Dr. Fritz Apollon, Chairman of the Board of the Central Executive Committee of the AMHE.

ICABA.  An acronym that stands for Identify, Connect, Activate, the Black, Acomplished, the basis of their mission to provide platforms to do so  “for individual AND collective benefit.”  That was my first exposure to them and I was most impressed.

Magnificent!  Outstanding!  are the words that come readily to my mind to describe the sold- out event held in the beautiful Ballrooms of the Graham University Center, Modesto A. Maidique Campus of the Florida International University. Respect and Joy are those that the accomplishments of the people  honored in various fields and the  ambient atmosphere conveyed to me as each winner’s name was called.

We certainly knew that both Dr. Barrau personally and the AMHE SF as a whole,  had a good chance to win, Dr. Barrau, the “Professional of the Year”  award and the AMHE, the “Organisation of the Year” one for which they were nominated, since winning was based on how many total votes you received. However, there was still the factor of how many people contacted had actually followed the advice to vote as often as possible. We soon found out when Dr. Barrau won the “Professional of the year in Healthcare” award, a personnal success that also reflected positively on the AMHE South Florida chapter that he presides.  A couple of rounds later, this was followed by the announcement that the winner of the “Organization of the Year” award was none other than the “Association of Haitian Physican Abroad, South Florida chapter and this, with more than 11,000 votes, a record that took everyone by surprise.

The excitement at our table reached its paroxysm when Dr. Barrau was called to the podium to accept the award and invited all of us to join him and his wife Josée for official pictures.  The five of us of Haitian Heritage did and we exchanged plenty of hand shakes and responded to plenty of congratulations before the photograph was able to do his job.  At least, he didn’t have to ask anyone to smile.  Afterwards, as the rest of the group returned to the table, Dr Barrau, Dr Apollon and Dr. Francelot Moise, 2nd Vice President, remained on the podium to accept the $1,000 award check paid to the order of AMHE and signed on the spot by IBACA’s President and CEO, Jerome Hutchinson, Jr.

Amazing and Inspiring” were the sentiments that remained with me as the evening came to an end.  To some, it may not look like much but it had taken the Vision, Confidence, Planning and Determination of 1 person being able to convince thousands to support him in reaching his goal to make it to happen.    Well done, Dr. Barrau.

What I liked the most about the event was symbolized in the picture selected for the cover of ICABA’s  souvenir book:  the two winners of the “Most Accomplished Legends” award framing the two winners of the “Most Accomplished Rising Stars” award.  What a powerful message!

Our congratulations go also to Gepsie M. Metellus, Executive Director of Sant La, a Haitian Neighborhood Clinic, Inc. and well-deserved winner of the Professional of the Year award in Community/Civic  service, for the tremendous work she has been doing for decades for the Haitian Community.

Photos:  Courtesy of Inaki Bent, DO

Marlène Rigaud Apollon

La Mystique de la Citadelle/The Mystique of the Citadelle

Louis Mercier, A la Reconquête de l’Idéal Haitien ….Louis Mercier, To Re-conquer the Haitian Ideal, A voice from yesterday for today and tomorrow


Cris de colère, Chants d’espoir

I Want to Dance

Si je n’avais que des regrets


Contributor to Haiti Rising Anthology (Finalist for Book of the year 2011)


Author-in-Signature “Livres en Folie” 2009


the Bulletin of the National Center-Sixth Anniversary

The last Sunday of the month of December will be the sixth anniversary of the Bulletin of the National Center of the Haitian Apostolate.

This is an opportunity to review the  course of the Bulletin over the past 6 years and ask ourselves questions regarding its future.

To give you a brief overview of the birth of this newsletter we may say that it was born following a meeting of Bishop Guy Sansaricq with his closest collaborators on the future of the National Center. He seized the opportunity to tell us that he would like to see the National Centre producing a weekly electronic newsletter. The desires of Bishop Sansaricq are always orders for all those who work with him. So a week after Brother Tob took the decision to edit the weekly newsletter. In this work Marlene Rigaud Apollon , former Coordinator of Mother Lange Guild agreed to write a text almost every week for the newsletter. Marlene is a gift from God for this newsletter . The Bulletin began by announcing births, deaths of some people in our community and some of the new Haitian ministries. We thought: We’re going to start with small steps while soliciting our friends’ advice as to how we can together have a weekly newsletter that affects people’s lives.

We thank the Lord for this 6th Anniversary and all those who helped us in the course of these past 6 years . The communications media have a huge role in the evangelization of the people of God. This is why the Holy Father Francois pointed out in his speech to the Clementine Hall October 28, 2013 just how important the use of these media is , so that “as salt and light, they give flavor to the land and light the world ” , bringing the light of Jesus Christ and contributing to the progress of mankind. The Holy Father went on to tell us that as he recalled the day after his election as Bishop of Rome, specifically in his  meeting with  the representatives of mass media present in Rome at the Conclave : “Lately , the role of mass media has always gone crescendo , so it became necessary to tell the world about the events of contemporary history . ”

All this is reflected in the life of the Church. But if it is not simple to tell the events of a story , it is more complex to recount events in the Church , which is ” a sign and instrument of intimate union with God”

We continue to do everything that depends on us to make this newsletter reflect our Catholic faith as Christians and a newsletter that questions the reality of our community and the Haitian people while refusing to be an opposition voice because the opposition has never won in the church.

Certainly we have acquired a lot of experience over the past six years. Our community has great people who want to contribute and share their knowledge with our community. That’s why we try as much as possible to help our community to discover all these stars . We try as much as possible to stay connected with Haiti because we understand that the people of Haiti and the Haitian diaspora community have to work together ..  thanks to the generosity of one of our readers of the Diocese of Rockville Centre the National Center of the Haitian Apostolate has its blog ( Solidarity Flash) which is a large archive for our newsletter. Thanks to the power of the global highway of communication you can watch live images and some religious events or take a glimpse of some leaders of our community.

We urge you to continue to pray for Bishop Guy Sansaricq , the director of our newsletter, Father Yvon Pierre Director of the National Center and the staff of the National Center.

Brother Tob

Vers le 6e anniversaire du Bulletin du Centre National

Le dernier dimanche du mois de décembre ramènera le 6ème anniversaire du Bulletin

du Centre National de l’’Apostolat Haïtien à l’’étranger. Ce sera une

opportunité de voir ensemble le parcours du Bulletin au cours de ces 6 dernières années et de s’interroger sur son avenir.

Rappelons que le Bulletin a pris

naissance après une rencontre de Mgr Guy Sansaricq avec ses proches collaborateurs sur

l’’avenir du Centre National. Lors de cette rencontre là, l’évêque exprimait son désir de voir le Centre se doter d’un bulletin hebdomadaire. Du désir à la réalité, le bulletin a vu le jour et commença par annoncer les naissances, les decès de

certaines personnes de notre communauté. À petit pas, progressivement on questionnait nos amies et amis sur la manière dont on pouvait ensemble mettre sur pied un bulletin hebdomadaire qui touche la réalité des gens. Nous remercions le Seigneur pour ce 6ème anniversaire et tous ceux et celles

qui nous ont aidé jusque là.

En outre, soulignons que les médias ont un très grand rôle à jouer dans l’évangélisation du peuple de Dieu. C’est ce que le Saint Père François notait dans son discours à la Salle Clémentine le 28 octobre 2013: “Justement, disait-il, combien

est important l’usage de ces médias, afin que, tels le sel et la lumière,

ils donnent saveur à la terre et éclairent le monde, en apportant la

lumière de Jésus Christ et en contribuant au progrès de toute l’humanité”. Comme il le rappelait au lendemain de son élection comme Évêque de Rome, précisément en rencontrant les représentants des moyens de communication sociale présents à Rome à l’occasion du Conclave: «Ces derniers temps, le rôle des mass-médias est allé toujours crescendo, si bien qu’il est devenu indispensable pour

raconter au monde les événements de l’histoire contemporaine». Tout cela se reflète aussi dans la vie de l’Église. Mais s’il n’est pas chose simple de raconter les événements de l’histoire, il est encore plus complexe de raconter les événements liés à l’Église, qui est signe et instrument de l’union intime avec Dieu.

Nous continuons à faire de notre mieux pour que le Bulletinreflète notre foi comme chrétiens catholiques et questionnela réalité de notre communauté et du peuple d’Haïti tout en refusant d’êtreun bulletin d’opposition car l’opposition n’a jamais gagné au sein de l’Église.

Certes, nous avons fait beaucoup d’expériences au cours des 6 dernières années. Mais le chemin est encore long. Notre communauté a des gens extraordinaires qui veulent apporter leur contribution ou partager leur connaissance. C’est pourquoi on essaie autant que possible d’aider notre communauté à découvrir toutes ces étoiles . Nous essayons autant que possible aussi de rester connecter avec Haïti.

Aussi, depuis quelques temps, grâce à la générosité de l’une nos lectrices du diocèse de Rockville Centre, le Centre National de l’Apostolat Haïtien a son blog (Solidarite Flash) qui représente un grand archive

pour notre bulletin. Grâce à la puissance de l’autoroute globale de la

communication vous pourrez regarder les images et vivre certains événéments religieux ou des entrevues avec certains leaders spirituels de notre communauté. Nous exhortons le peuple de Dieu à continuer à prier pour Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq et le personnel du bulletin du Centre National.

Frère Buteau (Brother Tob)

Pour le Centre National


Rencontre de Son Excellence Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq avec Madame Michèle Montas Dominique


Le Service des Relations publiques du Centre National de l’Apostolat Haitien à l’etranger tient à informer le peuple de Dieu que son Excellence Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq a rencontré Madame Michèle Montas, , l’ancienne porte parole des Nations Unies le Vendredi 8 Novembre 2013 à la paroisse St Gregory.

Dans leur entretien Ils ont parlé de Télé Solidarité et comment ce media de communication peut accompagner le peuple de Dieu. Michèle Montas est l’une des grandes lectrices du bulletin electronique du Centre National de l’Apostolat Haitien Michele Montas profita de sa visite avec l’évêque Guy Sansaricq pour accorder un entretien à la Télé Solidarité. On doit mentionner que Michèle est une ancienne journaliste et l’ancienne administratice de Radio Inter.

Meeting between Michèle Montas and Bishop Sansaricq
The Public Relations Department of the National Center of the Haitian Apostolate wishes to inform the people of God that His Excellency Bishop  Guy Sansaricq met Michèle Montas, the former spokesman for the United Nations Friday, November 8, 2013 at St Gregory’s parish.

In their interview they talked about how TV Solidarité and how communication media may accompany the people of God. Michele Montas is one of the great readers of the electronic newsletter of the National Center. She took occasion of her  visit with Bishop Guy Sansaricq to grant an interview to the TV Solidarity. We should  mention that Michele is a former journalist and the former Manager of  Radio Haiti Inter.

Brother Tob.


National Center-Note de Presse

Le Service des Relations publiques du Centre National tient à informer le Peuple de Dieu que son Excellence Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq sera absent de son bureau du Samedi 9 Novembre 2013 au Jeudi 14 Novembre 2013 afin de participer à Baltimore Mayland à la conference des évêques Américains Nous demandons au peuple de Dieu de prier pour Mgr. Guy Sansaricq pendant son Sejour à Baltimore.

Press Release

The Public Relations Department of the National Center wishes to inform the people of God that Bishop  Guy Sansaricq will be absent from his office from Saturday, November 9, 2013 to Thursday, November 14, 2013 to participate at Baltimore Maryland  in the conference of American Bishops. We ask the people of God to pray for Bishop Guy Sansaricq during his Stay in Baltimore

Brother Tob


Courriel de Soeur Lucie Sanon

Sr Lucie

Je suis très heureux de recevoir un courriel de Soeur Lucie Sanon FDM, la supérieure Générale des Filles de Marie  . Dans son Courriel Soeur Lucie souhaita un heureux anniversaire à  Radio Télé Solidarité. Rappelons que le 100eme anniversaire des Filles de  Marie coincida avec le 3ème anniversaire de Radio Solidarité. Le Centre National de l’Apostolat Haitien à l’etranger est très reconnaissant envers les Filles de Marie pour leur ministère colossal au niveau de l’education et de l’evangelisation du Peuple Haitien.

Le personnel de notre bulletin continue à exhorter toutes les anciennes étudiantes des Filles de Marie à envoyer une contribution à la congregation des Filles de Marie  pour qu’elles puissent continuer à accompagner les Jeunes d’Haiti à travers leur ministère en Haiti Encore une fois un grand merci à Soeur Lucie pour son couriel. Nous demandons au Seigneur de continuer à proteger les infatigables soeurs des Filles de Marie pour le plus grand bien de son Peuple

Frère Tob

I am very happy to receive an email from Sister Lucie Sanon FDM , the Superior General of the Daughters of Mary. In her e-mail Sister Lucy wished a happy anniversary to Radio TV Solidarité.  The 100th anniversary of the Daughters of Mary coincided with the third anniversary of Radio Solidarité. The National Center of Haitian Apostolate is very grateful to the Daughters of Mary for their colossal ministry in education and evangelization of the Haitian people .

The staff of our newsletter continues to urge all former students of the Daughters of Mary to send a contribution to the Congregation of the Daughters of Mary so that they can continue to support the Youth of Haiti through their ministry in Haiti Again a big thank you for your email, dear Sister Lucie . We ask the Lord to continue to protect the tireless sisters of the Daughters of Mary for the greater good of his people

Brother Tob


Nouvelles de Télé Solidarité


Le personnel de Télé Solidarité tient à informer le peuple de Dieu  que Télé Solidarité commence à enregistrer les emissions de Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq sur la vie d’un évêque.

Nos Telespectateurs et Telespectatrices commenceront à regarder ces Emissions au Debut du mois de Mars 2014. Compliment à Darcel Whitten Wilamowski, coordonatrice de la pastorale Haitienne du diocèse de Rockville Centre et à notre technicien René Leonard qui sont les producteurs de l’emission la vie d’un évêque.Télé Solidarité continue avec ses emissions d’essais  et elle travaille 24 sur 24. Nous vous invitons à visiter le site de Télé Solidarité

Monseigneur Guy Sansaricq a rencontré aussi le docteur Daniel Faustin, le vice President de la société Immobilière d’Agriculture de Commerce et de Tourisme (SIMACT.INC) et Mr Jean Beliard Lucien, President de African Caribean Radio et Television. Ils commencèrent à etudier la possibilité comment on peut insérer un canal de Télé Solidarité à la radio Télévision Caraibenne Africaine. Cette rencontre est un pas dans la bonne direction.

Le Père Gustave Miracle leader spirituel de la communauté Haitienne de la paroisse de St Angella a envoyé un DVD de JERICHO pour notre Télé et l’artiste Gilbert Dabady a envoyé son dernier  DVD à Télé Solidarité Merci au Père Miracle et à l’artiste Gilbert Dabady.

Nous continuons à exhorter tous nos artistes d’envoyer leur DVD à Télé Solidarité et n’oubliez pas de visiter le site de télé Solidarité

Frère Tob

The staff of TV Solidarité wishes to inform the people of God  that TV Solidarité starts recording emissions of Bishop  Guy Sansaricq on the life of a bishop . The viewers of Télé Solidarité will begin to watch  these emissions at Télé Solidarité at the beginning   of March 2014. Compliment to Darcel Wilamowski Whitten , coordinator of the Haitian ministry of the Diocese of Rockville Centre and our technician Rene Leonard who are the producers of the talk show  the  life of a bishop .Télé Solidarité continues with its test broadcasts and works 24/ 24 . We invite you to visit the website of TV Solidarite

Bishop  Guy Sansaricq also met on Friday , November 8th  Dr. Daniel Faustin , Vice President of Real Estate Society of Agriculture Trade and Tourism ( SIMACT.INC ) and Mr Jean Beliard Lucien , President of African Caribean Radio and Television. They began to study the possibility how we can add a  channel for Télé Solidarité at Television Caraibenne Africa. This meeting is a step in the right direction.

Father Gustave Miracle spiritual leader of the Haitian community in the parish of St. Angella sent a DVD for our TV and the artist Gilbert Dabady sent his last  DVD for Tv Solidarité . Special Thanks to Father Miracle and artist Gilbert Dabady .

We continue to urge all our artists to send their DVD at TV Solidarité and do not forget to visit TV Solidarity

brother Tob


Culture-Jessica St Vil


Madame Jesica St Vil fut l’invitée de Télé Solidarité le Vendredi 8 Novembre 2013. La Jeune Jesica est parmi les ambassadrice de la culture Haitienne à New York . Elle a une école de danse pour les jeunes et elle aura un grand spectacle le Samedi 16 Novembre 2013 à 7:30 heures Pm à JAMAICA PERFORMING ARTS CENTER”sise au 153-10 JAMAICA AVENUE, NY 11432

Les artistes invités à ce grand spectacle sont: Buyu Ambroise, Michele Voltaire Marcelin, Earthman Experience and Julio Jean. Le Personnel du Bulletin souhaite du succès à Jesica et aux artistes qui auront à performer le Samedi 16 Novembre

Personnel du Bulletin


Rome rappelle la doctrine sur les divorcés remariés

Dans un article publié mercredi 22 octobre par l’Osservatore Romano, le préfet de la Congrégation pour la doctrine de la foi exclut toute ouverture aux sacrements pour les divorcés remariés.



La question sera au centre du synode sur la famille, organisé à Rome à l’automne 2014.

Avec cet article

                         À Fribourg, les divorcés remariés pourront décider « en conscience » de communier

À ceux qui doutaient de la continuité doctrinale entre Benoît XVI et le pape François, Mgr Gerhard Ludwig Müller, préfet de la Congrégation pour la Doctrine de la Foi (CDF), vient d’apporter un démenti cinglant. Et ce dans un domaine ultrasensible : le débat sur l’indissolubilité du mariage et la pastorale des divorcés remariés. Dans un texte très argumenté publié en « une » de « L’Osservatore Romano » daté d’aujourd’hui, et disponible en plusieurs langues sur le site Internet du journal, l’évêque allemand répond sans équivoque aux arguments soulevés par les partisans d’un accès facilité à l’Eucharistie pour les divorcés remariés.

« L’admission à l’Eucharistie ne peut pas leur être accordée »

Dans ce texte intitulé « La force de la grâce », Mgr Müller, tranche très clairement : « L’admission à l’Eucharistie ne peut pas leur être accordée », écrit-il. Quant à la miséricorde, argument régulièrement invoqué, y compris par le pape François dans l’avion de retour de Rio, pour plaider en faveur d’une évolution de cette pratique, Mgr Müller écrit : « C’est un argument insuffisant en matière théologico-sacramentaire, parce que tout l’ordre sacramentel est une œuvre de la miséricorde (…). À travers ce qui est objectivement un faux appel à la miséricorde, on court un risque de la banalisation de l’image de Dieu. » Il écarte également la possibilité pour l’Église catholique d’adopter une pratique voisine de celle des Églises orthodoxes, dont les fidèles divorcés, après un temps de pénitence, peuvent contracter un second mariage. « Cette pratique n’est pas conciliable avec la volonté de Dieu, telle qu’elle est clairement exprimée dans les paroles de Jésus sur l’indissolubilité du mariage, et cela représente un problème œcuménique qu’il ne faut pas sous-estimer », tranche-t-il.

Néanmoins, le préfet de la CDF reconnaît la difficulté liée à cette question, et prend acte de l’incompréhension relative des sociétés contemporaines quant à l’exigence de l’Église sur le mariage. « La mentalité contemporaine se place largement en opposition avec la compréhension chrétienne du mariage, notamment par rapport à l’indissolubilité ou à l’ouverture à la vie », écrit-il. Le préfet romain prend également acte du « scepticisme des jeunes à l’égard des décisions de vie définitives ». Et pourtant, relève-t-il, le mariage ne peut être jugé exclusivement à l’aune de « critères mondains et pragmatiques ». « Celui qui pense selon ‘l’esprit du monde’(1 Co 2, 12) ne peut pas comprendre le caractère sacramentel du mariage. » Malgré tout, le texte insiste sur le « souci pastoral » des pasteurs à l’égard des divorcés remariés. « Le souci pour les divorcés remariés ne devrait certes pas se réduire à la question de la réception de l’Eucharistie. (…) Il existe encore d’autres manières d’entrer en communion avec Dieu. »

Un synode romain sur la famille en octobre 2014

Ce rappel à l’ordre convient d’être situé dans une chronologie bien précise. En octobre 2014, le pape François doit présider un synode romain sur la famille, aux prérogatives probablement élargies vers plus de collégialité, sur la pastorale de la famille. À plusieurs reprises, le pape a évoqué la douloureuse question de l’accès aux sacrements pour les divorcés remariés. Au point de susciter de grands espoirs parmi ces personnes, séduites par les appels répétés du pape au pardon et à la miséricorde.

C’est ainsi que le 9 octobre, peu après l’annonce du futur synode, le diocèse allemand de Fribourg en Brisgau a publié des orientations pastorales ouvrant sous conditions l’accès aux sacrements aux personnes divorcées remariées. Suscitant très rapidement une mise au point agacée de Mgr Zollitsch, son ancien archevêque, aujourd’hui administrateur apostolique du diocèse, ayant démissionné pour raisons d’âge. Celui qui est toujours président de la Conférence des évêques allemands (DBK), qualifiait sévèrement ce texte d’« impulsion temporaire », assurant ses confrères que le document avait été publié « à son insu », « monté en épingle et présenté de façon simpliste » dans les médias. « Ce n’est pas rendre justice à ce sujet sensible », jugeait-il alors. C’est donc l’un de ses confrères allemands, Mgr Müller, qui a décidé de peser de tout son poids avec, on peut l’imaginer, l’accord du pape François, dans le débat.

« L’indissolubilité absolue ne vaut que pour les mariages qui se situent dans le cadre de la foi dans le Christ »

La seule porte laissée ouverte est exactement celle que le cardinal Joseph Ratzinger avait ouverte en son temps, notamment en avril 1999, en introduction à une synthèse sur la pastorale du mariage publiée par la Librairie Vaticane. Il constatait alors que « l’indissolubilité absolue ne vaut que pour les mariages qui se situent dans le cadre de la foi dans le Christ ». D’où cette ouverture, reprise par Mgr Müller : « Clarifier quelles conditions doivent être remplies pour qu’un mariage indissoluble existe selon le sens qui lui est attribué par Jésus. » Le cardinal Ratzinger écrivait en 1999 : « On devra clarifier la question : est-ce que vraiment tout mariage entre deux baptisés est “ipso facto” un mariage sacramentel ? »

Autrement dit, c’est à l’aune de la foi qu’il convient de juger la validité d’un mariage. Il est possible que ce point soit débattu lors du futur synode qui lui-même, dit-on à Rome, pourrait n’être que le premier épisode d’un débat associant largement les évêques du monde sur ce thème.


Les États-Unis perdent leur droit de vote à l’Unesco

Washington avait suspendu sa contribution à l’agence des Nations unies après l’admission de la Palestine. Israël est frappé par la même décision.


Les États-Unis mais aussi Israël ont perdu vendredi 8 novembre leur droit de vote à l’Unesco pour avoir suspendu leur contribution à l’agence onusienne en octobre 2011, après l’admission de la Palestine en tant que membre à part entière de l’institution. « Les États qui n’avaient pas réglé leur cotisation avaient jusqu’à 10 heures aujourd’hui pour présenter une justification de non-paiement et un plan de paiement des arriérés », a-t-on indiqué à l’Unesco, dont l’Assemblée générale se tient à Paris.

Washington ne s’est pas acquitté de sa cotisation en 2011, 2012 et 2013, portant un rude coup à l’organisation internationale dont près d’un quart du budget venait des États-Unis. L’an dernier, Irina Bokova avait indiqué que l’Unesco se trouvait dans une situation désastreuse en raison du gel de la contribution américaine qui a contraint l’organisation à annuler des projets et réduire ses dépenses.

Le précédent Reagan

La perte du vote américain constitue le dernier accroc en date dans les relations mouvementées entre l’agence onusienne et Washington. En 1984, l’administration Reagan avait décidé de quitter l’Unesco, invoquant entre autres une mauvaise gestion et une politisation de l’organisation.

En 2003, après près de vingt ans d’absence, l’administration Bush faisait son grand retour à l’Unesco et s’engageait à participer activement aux programmes de l’agence, qui intervient notamment en faveur de l’éducation et de la protection du patrimoine mondial.

Première agence à reconnaître Israël

L’Unesco est devenue en octobre 2011 la première agence des Nations unies à accueillir la Palestine en tant que membre à part entière, une adhésion qui a suscité une vague d’espoir dans le monde arabe qui y a vu un pas de plus vers une reconnaissance en tant qu’État à l’ONU.

Mais l’adhésion de la Palestine a entraîné la suspension des financements américains, Washington mettant en avant la législation américaine en vigueur depuis les années 1990. Cette dernière interdit tout financement d’une agence de l’ONU qui admet en son sein des groupes ou des organisations ne possédant pas « tous les attributs internationalement reconnus d’un État ».



Good to know             Call to action: National Call-in to Congress this Wednesday November 13, Feast Day of St Frances Cabrini, patron saint of immigrants, toward Comprehensive Immigration Reform this year!  Deacon Paul Dorsinville

The Feast Day of Saint Frances Cabrini is Wednesday, Nov. 13th. On the day to honor st Cabrini, the patron saint of immigrants, Catholics and supporters of immigrants are asked to call their U.S. Representatives at 1-855-589-5698 and leave this toll-free simple message: “Support a path to citizenship and oppose the SAFE Act.”

For more info, go to

LÉglise invite les Catholiques et supporters des immigrants à appeler leurs Représentants ce Mercredi 13 Novembre, jour de Mère Cabrini, patronne des immigrants, au 1-855-589-5698 avec ce simple message: “Support a path to citizenship and oppose the SAFE Act.”



1. Je fon krye davans

2. Kapon antere manman’n

3. Nan binyin pa gin kache lonbrit

4. De toro pa gronde nan minm savan’n

5-Lò yo envite bourik nan festen,li pote dlo ou bwa

6-Tout bèt ponpe, milèt sèl pote move non


Programme de Radio Solidarité du Dimanche 10 Novembre

7:00 Chants Religieux-Homelie de Bishop Sansaricq

9:00 Puits de Jacob

10:00 Histoire d’Haiti

11:00 Chants de Noel

12:00 Sister Jamie Phelps

13:00 Professeur Robert Fatton-

14:00  Entretien avec Jessica St Vil

15:00 Musique

16:00  Entretien avec  Père Delva

18:30 Prof. Etienne Thelemaque

20:00 : Interview with Father Washington

21-Interview with Michele Montas


Ottawa- Souper de Noël CCHO 2013- samedi 7 déc.

Fidèle au rendez-vous, la CCHO avec son équipe CAT et Social, vous invitent à son souper traditionnel de Noël, le samedi 7 décembre à partir de 18 h 30 à l’école Gisèle Lalonde située au 500 du boulevard Millenium à Orléans. Les billets sont à 40$ pour adulte et 25$ pour les jeunes de moins de 12 ans. Ci-joint, une copie du billet ou visitez le ou trouvez-nous sur facebook pour plus d’information.

Venez vous réchauffer au rythme d’une ambiance tropicale agrémentée d’activités culturelles et de mets haïtiens, accompagnée du DJ WOW. N’hésitez pas à partager cette invitation avec vos proches et d’acheter vos billets le plus tôt possible, car les places sont limitées. En achetant votre billet vous avez l’option de faire votre choix de viande à déguster pour la soirée.

Au plaisir de vous compter parmi nous!

Union de prières!

 Marie Marcelle



XIII Annual Breast Cancer Health Summit

The XIII Annual Breast Cancer Health Summit hosted by EMG Health Communications was held on Sunday October 20,in Queens, New York, and attracted an audience of 180 young and middle-aged African and Haitian American women, including a large number of men – about 10% of the audience.  Many health professionals and several local physicians were also in attendance, in addition to spouses, caretakers and others interested in expanding their knowledge on cancer.

Dr. Louis J. Auguste, presenter and moderator, recognized as a TOP doctor in Long Island, introduced the speakers and made a concise power point summary showing how far we have progressed in the understanding and the treatment of breast cancer.  The panel of experts included:   Dr. James E. Satterfield who presented on “Genetics: an Opportunity for Breast Cancer Prevention, Dr. Randall S. Feingold who spoke about “Restoring Health and Beauty Following Mastectomy – the Latest in Breast Reconstruction”, and Dr. Gardith Joseph who described in details the “Individualization and Selectivity in Breast Cancer Treatment through Genomics”.

Below are the lessons learned:

–        Between 90 to 95 percent of cancers are sporadic.  Only 5% are hereditary.

–        Trends in the death rate among females for selected cancers have declined.

–         The five-year relative survival rate for a localized stage of breast cancer at diagnosis in African-American women has increased from 86% to 93% between 2002 to 2008.

–        The scientific and lay communities better understand the sub-classifications of breast cancer, including Luminal A, Luminal B, HER 2 neu and triple-negative. Furthermore, genomics that is the study of relevant genes involved in the growth of the cancer cell helps physicians know the best kind of treatment to offer.

–        The genetic profile and the prognosis of each sub-class of breast cancer can be determined by tools like Oncotype DX, Mammaprint or microarray [those are specific tests which identify the type of markers (substances) within the cell], which provide the physician with the information necessary to choose the appropriate treatment option for a given patient.  

–         Surgical management of breast cancer has improved over the years, from radical then modified mastectomy to lumpectomy and axillary node dissection.

–         Sentinel lymph node biopsy helps determine whether or not an axillary node dissection is indicated. 

–        Clinical trials have also shown that women over 70 years of age and patients with low risk DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ) may not need adjuvant treatment with radiotherapy.

–        Genomics plays a big role in how women are treated for cancer. The scientific and lay communities now know that treatment is crafted differently for each patient based on her genotypes.   To put it simply, two women with a breast cancer diagnosis may receive different kinds of treatment based on the report of their Oncotype DX, through a panel display of 21 genes or their Mammaprint which considers 75 genes. 

–        Years of research have benefitted our understanding of the best cancer prevention strategies especially after testing positive for the BRCA1 and BRAC2 genes.

–        Information about the patient [e.g., early menarche; delaying first pregnancy, late menopause; avoiding long term exposure to estrogen therapy; pathology report of  Atypical Lobular Hyperplasia (ALH), Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia (ADH), Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS), family history], helps the cancer physician and team ascertain the risk of cancer  and determine the best options to reduce their risk of getting breast cancer in their lifetime. 

–        Women can now opt to have both of their breast removed (Bilateral Mastectomy) – as in the case of Angelina Jolie – and/or have their ovaries removed (oophorectomy) as a preventive measure if they carry the anomalies in their BRACA genes.

–        And Hurray!  Breast reconstruction through skin sparing procedures with minimal to no complications, both physically and psychologically, is now approved by the health insurance companies including Medicaid.  Women feel extremely confident when they know that they can fully regain their femininity after breast surgery.

The information and resources provided at this XIII Annual Breast Cancer Health Summit were extremely noteworthy.  This annual meeting is particularly important for women from the Caribbean islands, as it provides them with a sense of unity, connection and helps them realize that no one is exempt from cancer.  There was a lesson learned by everyone.  Several comments made by cancer survivors in the audience indicate that they are better educated than before; and attendees report that this was one of the best learning experiences for all.   .

The EMG Health Event Committee extends its heartfelt thanks to the special guest Boston Marathon survivor Dr. Mery Daniel, the outstanding   panelists, the  excellent communicator and Mistress of Ceremonies Gail Lewis, Assemblywoman Michaelle Solages, Legislator Carrie Solages, Antun’s Catering, the donors, the ‘sweet six responders’ and all the participants for their commitment and support in our mission to educate.   We recognize the importance of joining forces and remaining focused on the subject of cancer while getting the most information from knowledgeable and experienced physicians.

EMG Health was pleased to greet everyone.  We thank you for the time with us and look forward to welcoming you God Willing to the XIV Annual Breast Cancer Summit on October 26, 2014.

EMG Health Communications


–  “To Thank you all.   It is a privilege to participate in this program with such an eager and 

     appreciative audience of fine people. 


    Randy”  [Dr. Randall S. Feingold, NYBRA]

–  “To EMG Health Staff.   Congratulations on such a wonderful event.  It was fantastic!”

 Linda [Dr. Linda Marc-Clerisme, Harvard School of Public Health]


Spiritual Reflexion-Sister Jamie Phelps

FIRST READING: 2 Maccabees 7:1-2; 9-14

SECOND READING: 2 Thessalonians 2: 16-3:5.

GOSPEL: Luke 20: 27-38.



Today’s  Sacred Scriptures  assures us of God’s faithfulness in the midst of our  life and death challenges. They challenge us to consider  several existential questions:

1) Why and for what reasons are we willing to die?

2) Is death our final human experience?

3) Why  do some men and women fear death and others  of  live without fear of death?

3) How do our belief  about death impact our daily lives.

Our answer to these existential questions depends on our understanding of life and death. Our answers to these questions depend on whether we are non-believers or men and women of Faith.

The first reading from the book of Maccabees  places us in the context of our Jewish ancestors who were being persecuted for their faith by the then pagan King of Syria. Filled with Faith the mother and seven brothers courageously endured brutal whipping and scourging at the hands  the king’s law enforcers. When asked to eat the flesh of pigs in violation of their Jewish religious practices  the Mother and her seven sons refused. They would rather die than to violate the laws of their religious tradition.  Furthermore they were confident that death was not their final end. They spoke with the strength of their faith that God was the only legitimate ruler of their lives.

The Mother andhere seven Sons encouraged one another saying:“The Lord God is looking on and truly has compassion on us, as Moses declared in his song, when he openly bore witness, saying, ‘And God will have compassion on his servants.’”b

One by one the brothers are executed but not without each one uttering a final word of Faith:

Second brother: .You accursed fiend, you are depriving us of this present life, but the King of the universe will raise us up*to live again forever, because we are dying for hislaws.”c

Third brother: “It was from Heaven that I received these; for the sake of his laws I disregard them; from him I hope to receive them again.”

Forth brother: “It is my choice to die at the hands of mortals with the hope that God will restore me to life; but for you, there will be no resurrection to life.”

Fifth brother:Mortal though you are, you have power over human beings, so you do what you please. But do not think that our nation is forsaken by God.17Only wait, and you will see how his great power will torment you and your descendants.”

Sixth brother:“Have no vain illusions. We suffer these things on our own account, because we have sinned against our God; that is why such shocking things have happened. 19Do not think, then, that you will go unpunished for having dared to fight against God.”

The Mother having witness the execution of  six of her sons held steadfast to her faith:

“ Filled with a noble spirit that stirred her womanly reason with manly emotion, she exhorted each of them in the language of their ancestors with these words: 22e “I do not know how you came to be in my womb; it was not I who gave you breath and life, nor was it I who arranged the elements you are made of. 23Therefore, since it is the Creator of the universe who shaped the beginning of humankind and brought about the origin of everything, he, in his mercy, will give you back both breath and life, because you now disregard yourselves for the sake of his law.”

The King hoping to at least get the youngest son to capitulate to his will offered him high status,  power and wealth and asked the mother to encourage her son to accept his offer.

Having witnessed the death of six of her seven sons the Mother  insteadencouraged her youngest son to accept martyrdom for the  sake of the Kingdom:

The Mother:“Son, have pity on me, who carried you in my womb for nine months, nursed you for three years, brought you up, educated and supported you to your present age. 28I beg you, child, to look at the heavens and the earth and see all that is in them; then you will know that God did not make them out of existing things.* In the same way humankind came into existence. 29Do not be afraid of this executioner, but be worthy of your brothers and accept death, so that in the time of mercy I may receive you again with your brothers.”30She had scarcely finished speaking when

Seventh Brother: “the youth said: “What is the delay? I will not obey the king’s command. I obey the command of the law given to our ancestors through Moses. 31But you, who have contrived every kind of evil for the Hebrews, will not escape the hands of God. 32We, indeed, are suffering because of our sins.f33Though for a little while our living Lord has been angry, correcting and chastising us, he will again be reconciled with his servants. 34But you, wretch, most vile of mortals, do not, in your insolence, buoy yourself up with unfounded hopes, as you raise your hand against the children of heaven. 35You have not yet escaped the judgment of the almighty and all-seeing God. 36Our brothers, after enduring brief pain, have drunk of never-failing life, under God’s covenant. But you, by the judgment of God, shall receive just punishments for your arrogance. 37Like my brothers, I offer up my body and my life for our ancestral laws, imploring God to show mercy soon to our nation, and by afflictions and blows to make you confess that he alone is God. 38Through me and my brothers, may there be an end to the wrath of the Almighty that has justly fallen on our whole nation.”

The King: 39At that, the king became enraged and treated him even worse than the others, since he bitterly resented the boy’s contempt. 40Thus he too died undefiled, putting all his trust in the Lord. 41

The Mother: Last of all, after her sons, the mother was put to death.

The mother and her seven sons accepted death rather than betray the law.  The mother and her son accepted death with the hope that their merciful and loving God who had been faithful to them despite their sinfulness would restore them to a new life. Their faith assured them that the merciful  God would offer reconciliation to the mother and her seven sons and to their nation because of their accepting death (martyrdom) at the hands of  the arrogant King.They were equally firm in their belief that the arrogant King and those who did his will would suffer punishment for their fighting against God and their evil persecutions of  those who believed in a merciful God.

The Mother and her seven sons were true believers.  Their belief  gave them the courage to faith death. They trusted in God’s mercy and faithfulness and deemed life in this world as but a taste of the fullness of life which God had ordained for them. Rooted in their faith in God’s love and faithfulness they did not fear death because they believed in the resurrection.

Today’s Gospel Luke 20: 27-38., like the reading from the Book of Macabees,alsoillustrates God’s faithfulness . Awareness of God’s fidelity  made it easy for Jesus to  respond to the debate between the Pharisees who believed in the resurrection of the body and some of the Sadducees who did not. Trying to discredit Jesus and his preaching of the resurrection of the dead, some of the Sadducees step forth to challenge his authority and teaching .Once again we are told of seven men who have a special relationship to a woman…this time a wife. According to traditional Jewish law at the time of Jesus, when a man died his brother was obligated to take his widow’s hand in marriage.  In Luke a woman husband dies and each of his six brothers  follow the tradition by taking the woman’s hand in marriage at the death of  their brother. Despite her seven marriages, the woman remained childless. The Sadducees pose the question. Whose wife will she be at the end time when we shall all be  at the time of the resurrection.from?

Jesus said to them, “The children of this age marry and remarry; but those who are deemed worthy to attain to the coming age and to the resurrection of the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. They can no longer die, for they are like angels; and they are the children of Godbecause they are the ones who will rise”

Jesus reply clarified that the eternal life after resurrection would not be the same as life on earth. Our bodies will rise but our resurrected bodies will be spiritual bodies.

We shall all rise to a new and eternal life, in a form and an existence very different from that of our present life. Thus, the question of ownership of wives or property will not, and cannot, arise in our new life.”[1]

The concerns about human life which occupy much of our life on earth will have not place in our life in our eternal life .  Life after the resurrection will be free of “pain or sickness or weaknessof any sort.”[2]Life after the resurrection will be filled with unending joy “The happiness and joy which we shall have will never end… There will be no shadow to darken or lessen our future joy and happiness.”[3]


If we are attentive to God’s faithfulness in our daily lives, we too may be blessed by an unswavering hope that God will forgive our sins and welcome us to the eternal life he prepared for us from the beginning of creation.

Attentive to God’s presence in our lives we like those in Thessalonica are   assured  that “ the Lord is faithful” and h “strengthens and guards us against the evil one.”

Attentive to God’s presence we will allow Lord to “direct [our] hearts to the love of God and to the endurance of Christ].

Attentive to God’s presence we will love and serve  all those we encounter  as our brothers and sisters  who like ourselves were created out of  abundance of  God’s love.

In gratitude for God’s love we  seek to imitate his way of life by  loving and serving others unconditionally.  Authentic Christian faith is not a faith born of fear of death or damnation but a faith born  of gratitude for God’s abundant and gracious love of humanity and all creation.











Thirty-second Sunday in Ordinary Time  November 10, 2013


Lectionary: 156

Reading 1 2 Mc 7:1-2, 9-14

It happened that seven brothers with their mother were arrested

and tortured with whips and scourges by the king,

to force them to eat pork in violation of God’s law.

One of the brothers, speaking for the others, said:

“What do you expect to achieve by questioning us?

We are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our ancestors.”

At the point of death he said:

“You accursed fiend, you are depriving us of this present life,

but the King of the world will raise us up to live again forever.


It is for his laws that we are dying.”

After him the third suffered their cruel sport.

He put out his tongue at once when told to do so,

and bravely held out his hands, as he spoke these noble words:

“It was from Heaven that I received these;

for the sake of his laws I disdain them;

from him I hope to receive them again.”

Even the king and his attendants marveled at the young man’s courage,


because he regarded his sufferings as nothing.


After he had died,

they tortured and maltreated the fourth brother in the same way.

When he was near death, he said,

“It is my choice to die at the hands of men


with the hope God gives of being raised up by him;


but for you, there will be no resurrection to life.”

Responsorial Psalm Ps 17:1, 5-6, 8, 15

R. (15b) Lord, when your glory appears, my joy will be full.

Hear, O LORD, a just suit;

attend to my outcry;

hearken to my prayer from lips without deceit.

R. Lord, when your glory appears, my joy will be full.

My steps have been steadfast in your paths,

my feet have not faltered.

I call upon you, for you will answer me, O God;

incline your ear to me; hear my word.

R. Lord, when your glory appears, my joy will be full.

Keep me as the apple of your eye,

hide me in the shadow of your wings.

But I in justice shall behold your face;

on waking I shall be content in your presence.

R. Lord, when your glory appears, my joy will be full.

Reading 2 2 Thes 2:16-3:5

Brothers and sisters:

May our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father,

who has loved us and given us everlasting encouragement

and good hope through his grace,

encourage your hearts and strengthen them in every good deed

and word.

Finally, brothers and sisters, pray for us,

so that the word of the Lord may speed forward and be glorified,

as it did among you,

and that we may be delivered from perverse and wicked people,

for not all have faith.

But the Lord is faithful;


he will strengthen you and guard you from the evil one.

We are confident of you in the Lord that what we instruct you,

you are doing and will continue to do.

May the Lord direct your hearts to the love of God


and to the endurance of Christ.

Gospel Lk 20:27-38

Some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection,

came forward and put this question to Jesus, saying,

“Teacher, Moses wrote for us,

If someone’s brother dies leaving a wife but no child,


his brother must take the wife


and raise up descendants for his brother.

Now there were seven brothers;

the first married a woman but died childless.

Then the second and the third married her,

and likewise all the seven died childless.

Finally the woman also died.

Now at the resurrection whose wife will that woman be?

For all seven had been married to her.”

Jesus said to them,

“The children of this age marry and remarry;

but those who are deemed worthy to attain to the coming age


and to the resurrection of the dead


neither marry nor are given in marriage.


They can no longer die,


for they are like angels;


and they are the children of God


because they are the ones who will rise.

That the dead will rise

even Moses made known in the passage about the bush,

when he called out ‘Lord, ‘

the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob;

and he is not God of the dead, but of the living,

for to him all are alive.”

Or LK 20:27, 34-38

Some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection,

came forward.

Jesus said to them,

“The children of this age marry and remarry;

but those who are deemed worthy to attain to the coming age


and to the resurrection of the dead


neither marry nor are given in marriage.


They can no longer die,


for they are like angels;


and they are the children of God

because they are the ones who will rise.

That the dead will rise

even Moses made known in the passage about the bush,


when he called out ‘Lord, ‘


the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob;


and he is not God of the dead, but of the living,


for to him all are alive.”

Catholic Matters

SUNDAY READINGS – 32nd Sunday in Ordinary Time

FIRST READING: 2 Maccabees 7:1-2; 9-14. It happened that seven brothers and their mother were arrested and were being compelled by the king, under torture with whips and cords, to partake of unlawful swine’s flesh. One of them, acting as their spokesman, said, “What do you intend to ask and learn from us? For we are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our fathers.” And when the second was at his last breath, he said, “You accursed wretch, you dismiss us from this present life, but the King of the universe will raise us up to an everlasting renewal of life, because we have died for his laws.”

After him, the third was the victim of their sport. When it was demanded, he quickly put out his tongue and courageously stretched forth his hands, and said nobly, “I got these from Heaven, and because of his laws I disdain them, and from him I hope to get them back again.” As a result the king himself and those with him were astonished at the young man’s spirit, for he regarded his sufferings as nothing.

When he too had died, they maltreated and tortured the fourth in the same way. And when he was near death, he said, “One cannot but choose to die at the hands of men and to cherish the hope that God gives of being raised again by him. But for you there will be no resurrection to life!”

EXPLANATION: The two books of Maccabees describe the war of liberation which the Jews, led by Mattathias and his sons, waged and eventually won against the pagan, tyrant king of Syria. The desire and ambition of Antiochus IV (175-163 B.C.) was to abolish the Jewish religion and the Temple of Jerusalem and hellenize all Jews. He was foiled in this sacrilegious attempt by the courage of the Maccabees, and by the spirit of love for faith and father-land with which they inspired their fellow-Jews. While the first book gives a more basic history of this period of resistance, the second book is more inclined to sermonize and introduce edifying details which may not always have happened.

The story we read today is substantially historical. There were hundreds of such examples of the persecution and death of Jews in the attempt to make them abandon their religion. The cruelties inflicted were common practice at the time not only in Palestine but in Egypt, Greece and elsewhere.

Seven brothers . . . their mother: The persecutors thought that by forcing Jews to eat pork, a food forbidden by the law of Moses, they would make them abandon their faith. The loyal Jews preferred to die rather than violate God’s law. By having the mother of the seven boys present, they thought that her love for them and her anguish at seeing them tortured would move her to beg them to give in and save their lives. Instead, she encouraged them to persevere and bear their tortures. She herself was martyred last of all.

What . . . us?: The first brother bravely tells the king how foolish he is if he thinks that he can force them to betray the faith of their ancestors.

King . . . raise us up . . . laws: The second brother tells the king what value he sets on this short life, for he is convinced that the King of the world—God—will give him an everlasting life after his earthly life is over.

courageously . . . his hands:He gladly holds out his tongue and his hands to be chopped off, for he knows that it was God who gave them to him and he is certain that God will give them back to him again in the next life.

for you . . . no resurrection to life: The fourth proclaims, not only his solid belief in a future life of happiness for those who are loyal to God and his laws in this life, but he boldly tells his persecutors that their resurrection from the dead will not be to life. It will not be a life of happiness for them but one to which eternal death would be preferable.

APPLICATION: The example of these seven sons who, in the presence of one another and in the presence of their loving mother, were one by one slowly martyred for their faith, is an example that deserves to be forever preserved (and it is) in the annals of human history. Whether they expressed in words all that the inspired author attributes to them is not of great importance. They certainly expressed it in their pious and patient acceptance of their tortures at the hands of irreligious and inhuman tyrants. They were sustained and strengthened in their suffering by the pious exhortations of their truly loyal and faith-inspired mother. More especially were they sustained by the firm conviction that the God of the universe, the God of justice and love, for whose laws they were losing their earthly lives, had a glorious and eternal life in store for them.

Millions of Christians have died as noble martyrs for their faith, down through the ages. There are millions who are suffering slow martyrdom for that same faith today. They, however, had and have the example of Christ, the Son of God made man, who suffered the slow and cruel martyrdom of crucifixion for their takes. So in a sense the mother and seven brothers of today’s reading deserve greater admiration. However, it was the same God who gave the necessary grace to all martyrs. It is in the presence of that same God that all Jewish and Christian martyrs, and others who have died for conscience sake, are enjoying together their eternal reward today.

All of these are held up to us for our admiration, and we must indeed admire them. The atheist who has esteem for intellectual integrity and uprightness must admire one who is willing to sacrifice his life in defence of his convictions. However, for us Christians, admiration is not enough. Attempted imitation, at least is necessary. We may shrink now from the thought of ever having to face even half of what our martyrs suffered. They, too, most probably shivered at the very thought of what awaited them. But when the moment of trial came the grace of God gave them all the strength they needed. God’s grace would also come to our aid, if ever we were called on to suffer and die for our faith. Our only sure guarantee, however, is the present strength and meaningfulness of our faith in our daily lives.

There were many Jews in the days of the Maccabees who gave up their faith when the persecution began. There were many Christians, too, who went over to the enemy in order to save their earthly lives and property. There are many leaders of the anti-God and anti-Christian campaign today, who were once Christians of a kind. No martyr ever died willingly for a cause in which he did not believe. No Christian ever died for the faith unless he believed firmly in it and lived his daily life in accordance with its precepts.

This is a test which we can all apply to ourselves. We need not ask ourselves whether we would willingly accept torture and death for the sake of our faith. We must, however, ask ourselves if we are willingly and truly living that faith in our daily lives. That in itself is not an easy, painless effort for any one of us. For some it is one prolonged martyrdom. But think of the firm convictions that strengthened that Jewish mother and her seven sons. These convictions should be more firmly established still in the minds of all true Christians. If we are loyal to God, he will reward us. If we are faithful to his laws, he will be true to his promises. If, when called on to do so, we give our earthly lives for his sake, he has an eternal life of unending joy and happiness ready for us when we close our eyes in death.

SECOND READING: 2 Thessalonians 2: 16-3:5. May our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father, who loved us and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace, comfort your hearts and establish them in every good work and word.

Brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may speed on and triumph, as it did among you, and that we may be delivered from wicked and evil men, for not all have faith.But the Lord is faithful; he Will strengthen you and guard you from evil. And we have confidence in the Lord about you, that you are doing and will do the things which we command. May the Lord direct your hearts to the love of God and to the steadfastness of Christ.

EXPLANATION: In these six verses of his second letter to the Thessalonians, St. Paul prays for them to God the Son and to the Father. He prays that they may persevere loyally in the faith that they profess. In return, he asks them to pray that he will be able to continue to spread the Christian faith to many others. There are difficulties and opponents, but Paul is confident that Christ will continue to guard and strengthen them in their loyal service to the faith and the precepts which he, Paul, has given to them.

May our Lord Jesus Christ himself: Paul puts God the Son before the Father here because, in the previous verses, he has told them that the Gospel has given them a share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. Paul prays now that Christ and God the Father, who was so generous with them, when he sent his Son for their eternal consolation and hope, would continue to console and strengthen them in their Christian faith, and that they would practise “every good work and word.”


word of the Lord . . . on: Paul’s life-ambition since his conversion was to spread the good news of salvation to all men, so that all would welcome it, as the Thessalonians had.

wicked and evil men: Paul has met with obstacles to his preaching of the Gospel in Corinth, from where he is writing this letter. These obstacles are the Jews and some of his Greek converts. Among the Jews there were some who were malicious in their opposition. They were evil men (they had accused him before the Roman pro-Consul, Gallion). Others were less guilty. But they were confused in their interpretation of what and whom the Messiah should be, and therefore what the Christian message was.


not . . . faith: Some of his Corinthian converts did not live up to the faith which he taught them. “Not everyone listens to the Gospel,” he said to the Romans (Rom. 10: 16).

The Lord . . . faithful: He, Christ, is faithful. He keeps his promises. He will protect you against all opposition.

You . . . evil: In Jewish theology, the Evil One or Satan, the Impeder, was the leader of the wicked angels.

Lord . . . your hearts:Paul prays that Christ will govern their thoughts so that they will continue to love God, and be faithful and loyal to Christ and his teaching.

APPLICATION: St. Paul was a man of God and one full of human understanding. He knew and appreciated the difficulties that converts from paganism to Christianity had to endure. He was ever ready to help them. He tells them that he is begging Christ, and God the Father, to console and strengthen them so that they may continue to live their faith.

He then asks for their prayers. These prayers are not for any personal needs of his own, and he had temporal and spiritual needs, but that the Gospel, the word of the Lord, might make progress, might reach out to more and more people. He is making this very same request of us today, through this reading from his Epistle.

We are living in one of the most troubled periods of man’s history on earth. A great part of our world has made immense progress in science, technology, medicine and other branches of learning, has raised the standard of living, increased the comforts of life and lengthened life expectancy. Yet, man’s social conscience has not kept pace with his material improvement. In fact, individual men and whole nations, have become more selfish and less inclined to take a human interest in their less fortunate neighbors.

There are millions living in destitution, not only in the underdeveloped parts of our globe but amidst the wealth and luxury of the richer nations too.Communism has been proposed and is being put into action in parts of the world as a cure for the unequal distribution of this world’s goods. However, the poor and the powerless under communism find that they have exchanged one set of selfish masters for a more selfish and more merciless set of tyrants. The theory of the common ownership of all things is based on thefalse premise that all men are equally honest, and that each will play his full part in producing the goods necessary for all. A more basic error still in the communist theory, is that man’s life ends like the cow or the ass, in the grave. There is no God and therefore no future life according to the communist preachers. If that theory were true, by what right could the rulers expect honesty, truth, self-sacrifice, brotherly love, from their subjects? If there is no higher law-giver and no higher ruler than the whip of the slave-driver, why should any sane man exert himself or put himself out to provide for the common good, as long as he can escape the eye of the whip-holder? What have men in common, if they are no different and have no higher end or purpose in life, than that of a herd of cattle in a field? What basis is this for brotherly love or interest in one’s neighbor?

Bad philosophy and worse theology can never cure this world’s ills. We need the truths of Christianity put into daily practise by rich and by poor, by nations as well as by individuals. All men on earth are adopted sons of God. All men on earth are brothers of one another, because they are brothers of Christ who became one of us, in order to bring all of us into the family of God. We must let these basic truths govern our lives and our actions. We must do all in our power to give the knowledge of these truths of the Christian faith to all the nations of the earth. St. Paul asks us today, to pray that this will come to pass. We must listen to his request. We should never allow a day to pass without fervently begging God to spread his kingdom throughout the whole world.

We must also give the lesson of good example to all those with whom we come in contact. We must take an active part and give whatever aid we can to those truly Christian societies which are working so hard to improve the lot of the underprivileged at home and abroad. We must exert our Christian influence on public opinion and on national politics. It should not be the success of one particular party that should interest us but the Christian principles of our public representatives.


If the Christian nations were truly Christian, brotherly love would spread out from them to the whole world. The causes of unrest and strife within nations would be removed. Fear of aggression among nations would gradually disappear. Vast sums wasted on weapons of war could be spent in the improvement of the underprivileged nations.

The greatest need of our world today is a return to the open acknowledgement of the Fatherhood of God and the true brotherhood of all men. When these basic truths penetrate the social consciences of men and of nations, we can expect an end to hatred and division, to wars and to the wanton destruction of the gifts which God gave us. He gave us these to make our lives less difficult and more productive of good works.

GOSPEL: Luke 20: 27-38. There came to Jesus some Sadducees, those who say that there is no resurrection, and they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man must take the wife and raise up children for his brother. Now there were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and died without children; and the second and the third took her, and likewise all seven left no children and died. Afterward the woman also died. In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had her as wife.”

And Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage; but those who are accounted worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, for they cannot die any more, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living; for all live to him.”

EXPLANATION:The Sadducees were a particular party in Judaism, since the time of the Maccabees. They held some political and theological views that were not generally accepted by the ordinary people, nor, especially, by the Pharisees who were the more numerous and more influential party. One of the doctrines held by the Pharisees, and by the majority of Jews, was the resurrection after death. This the Sadducees denied. Knowing that Jesus taught the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, they came to him with what they thought was a “case,” which would prove how ridiculous this idea of resurrection was.

They posed the case of a woman who had successively and lawfully married seven brothers according to the levirate law (see Dt. 25: 5-10). If this woman and the seven brothers rose from the dead, whose wife would she be? She was the lawful wife of all seven. Jesus answered their question.

The . . . of this age marry: Marriage was instituted as the means of propagating the human race on this earth. It was a divine institution.

those . . . worthy . . . resurrection: It will be different in the life hereafter. Those who will be raised to the new and eternal life will not marry, because the purpose and need for marriage will no longer exist. The number of God’s citizens in heaven will be complete.

equal to angels:The resurrected bodies will be different from our earthly bodies. Sexual and other instincts, necessary in this life, will be absent from the risen bodies. St. Paul calls the risen bodies “spiritual” bodies. “So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown in the earth is subject to decay, what rises is incorruptible. What is sown is ignoble, what rises is glorious. Weakness is sown, strength rises up. A natural body is put down, a spiritual body comes up” (1 Cor. 15:42-44). And so in this sense the risen bodies will be like the angels.

die any more: The dead will rise to live eternally. Everything corruptible in our make-up will disappear. We shall be different, yet recognizable to one another.

Sons of the resurrection: As a result of Christ’s Incarnation, death and resurrection we shall rise from the dead as adopted sons of God.

God of Abraham . . . Jacob: The Sadducees knew their Scripture. Our Lord now quotes Moses, their great leader and law-giver, as calling God, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He argues from this. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are not dead and gone, because God is a God of the living, not of the dead. He can have no interest or care for that which does not exist.

all live to him:The Patriarchs, and all men of the past ages, who were true to him by following his revelation or the light of their consciences (in the case of the pagan nations) are awaiting their resurrection. Therefore, they are not eternally dead, but alive in some way which is known only to God. Resurrection was not possible until Christ completed his salvific mission and was raised from the dead, “the first fruits” of all others.

APPLICATION: We can thank the Sadducees today. They came to our Lord with what they thought was a case that would make the doctrine of the resurrection look very ridiculous. It would have appeared so, if it were understood in the crude sense which they gave it, namely, that we would come forth again from the grave in the very same bodies which we now have, with all their needs and instincts.

Our Lord corrected that erroneous idea. We shall all rise to a new and eternal life, in a form and an existence very different from that of our present life. Thus, the question of ownership of wives or property will not, and cannot, arise in our new life. He gave us a brief but basic description of what our risen bodies will be. I am sure that most of us would love to know a lot more about what our future state will be like. But if we knew all, then where would our faith and trust in God come in? Some saints are said to have had brief visions of the joys of heaven. They wanted to die immediately in order to get there. God wants each one of us to earn heaven, by living our life on earth, and trusting in his word that heaven will be our eternal home if we do our part here below. [JTP COMMENT: earn heaven!!!—nada—no!  Heaven, the kingdom of god is a free gift from god for those who say yes to his invitation to “come follow me!,” –to those who lived their lives consciously (as christians) or unconscously  (members of other religious communitites) in accord with the way of Jesus!]

In his brief answer to the Sadducees, Christ gives us the essential facts concerning our future status. First,he affirms that all those who have proved themselves worthy while in this life will rise to an eternal life. In that life we will become like angels. We will not be angels, pure spirits without bodies, but we will be like them in that our bodies will become “spiritual.”They will lose all the restrictions and limitations imposed on them now, as mere material composites. They will no longer be subject to decline and decay as they now are. Therefore, they can never suffer from pain or sickness or weakness of any sort.

Second,he clearly affirmed that those risen from the dead are no longer liable to death. Leaving aside the other greater joys of heaven, such as the beatific vision, and the close association with Christ our Savior in his risen humanity, the meeting with our blessed Mother and with all the Saints, including our relatives and friends, what a source of happiness and joy will it be for us, to know that we can never die again! The happiness and joy which we shall have will never end. We all have had moments of happiness in this life. Great as these moments were, the thought that they had to end too soon cast a shadow on our joy. There will be no shadow to darken or lessen our future joy and happiness.


Many Christians, even good, pious Christians, fear death and try to keep the very thought of it far from their minds. This is very understandable for one who believes (if there is such a one) that death is the end. To a certain degree it is understandable in the case of the believer or the Christian, whose conscience is not at peace with God. That latter, however, has the means of removing his fears by removing his sins, and by putting himself right with God. The normal, pious Christian should see death as what it is, an end of his time of probation and the door to his eternal reward. It is not normal for a student to dread his graduation day. Death for the God-fearing, honest Christian is graduation day. Therefore, no Christian should be afraid of it.

Of course, part of the fears which death instilscome from the fear of the judgment which accompanies it. If we think every now and then, that our death is around the comer, we will turn to the God of mercy, to our loving Father, and ask for his forgiveness. He never refuses pardon to those who with a sincere heart, ask for it.

Let each one of us look into his own conscience this morning. Let him ask himself, how he would fare if death should claim him tonight. If there are sins on my conscience, which I would not want there when facing my just Judge, I still have time to approach the merciful Father. The Christian who does this daily, or even weekly, will not worry when death calls. He can rest assured that it is the beginning of the true and everlasting life, planned for him by God before time began.-c392


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